38. MAJOR DIEGO4 RAMON (JOSEPH3 DE MORALES-Y-RAMON, JUANA2 DE TREVINO-QUINTANILLA-Y-SALAZAR, PEDRO1 DE SALAZAR) was born 1641 in Queretaro, Queretaro, Mexico,
and died 10 Apr 1719 in San Juan Bautista del Rio Grande, Presido del Norte, Coahulia,Mexico. He met (1) UNKNOWN. He met (2) MARIA DE-LOS-RIOS in Queretaro, Coahuila, Mexico. She was born in Queretaro, Coahuila, Mexico, and died in Boca de Leones, Villaladama,Nuevo Leon,Mexico. He married (3) FELICIANA CAMACHO-Y-BOTELLO Abt. 1676, daughter of ANDRES CAMACHO-Y-OLEA and JUANA BOTELLO-DE-MORALES. She was born Abt. 1660 in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico.
Notes for MAJOR DIEGO RAMON:
He was the natural born son of Sgt. Major Joseph Ramon and Dona Catalina Martinez.
His relationship with Maria de los Rios and their children are noted - the Handbook of Texas Online.
Located in the state of Coahuila, Mexico, he owned the Hacienda named "El Carrizalejo",
In 1674, he was a soldier with Francisco Elizondo's Expedition.
In 1688, he accompanied Governor Alonso De Leon into Texas.
Between March 1691 to June 1698, he served as the third governor of Coahuila, Mexico.
On December 14, 1698, Diego Ramon and Fray Cristobal Montes de Oca founded the mission San Francisco Xavier y Valle de San Cristobal, some forty leaugues northeast of Villa de Pilon (Monclova).
On March 1, 1700, he founded the Mission San Fernando Solano. This mission would later be relocated and remembered today as the Alamo.
By March 28, 1701 Captain Ramon was receiving five hundred pesos for evey year served. Considered top paid in those years. From 1703, till his death, he was the
Commandant of the Royal presidio of San Juan Bautista, Coahuila, Mexico. This presidio had been established in 1702. His offical title was, Theniente General, Cabo y Caudillo.
Source:From the book's
Gallant Outcast - Texas Turmoil 1519-1734 by Ben Cuellar Ximenez.
San Juan Bautista, Gateway to Spanish Texas by Robert S. Weddle.
Origen de los Fundadores de Texas, Nuevo Mexico, Coahilia, y Nuevo Leon, by Guillermo Garmendia Leal. Page 70.
With All Arms by Carl Laurence Duaine. Page 242.
With Makers of San Antonio by Frederick C. Chabot. Page 46.
Northern New Spain, A Research Guide, by Thomas C. Barnes, Thomas H. Nayor and Charles W. Polzer.
Diary of the Alarcon Expedition into Texas, 1718-1719 by Fray Francisco Celiz.
Published by the Quivira Society.
The following is from "The Biographical Dictionary of Saltillo" by Martha Duron Jimenez and Ignacio
Etchegaray, pg 143. Don Jose Ramon is mentioned as the eldest and the natural born son of Captain Diego Ramon.
"En los ultimos dias del mes de abril de ese ano (1719), dejo de existir en el Presidio de Rio Grande el Capitan Diego Ramon, que tan importantes servicios presto en la conquista y pacificacion de la Provincia de Coahuila. Sus padres fueron Don Josephe Ramon y Dona Andrea de los Rios, espanoles de nacimiento, pero que en 1636 se embarcaron para America yendo a residir primero en Cadereyta, y despues a la Villa del Saltillo de donde fue nombrado Procurador General por recomendacion del Capitan Don Alonso de Leon de quien fue particular amigo. En esta villa nacio el ano de 1641 el tercero de sus hijos, que se llamo Diego y despues de recibir la education primaria que en esa epoca se impartia, se dedico desde muy joven, a los trabajos del campo y a las campanas contra los indios, al lado de Don Alonso de Leon, el Capitan que lo llego a estima tanto coma a
su padre, y que fue su gran maestro en la escuela de las privaciones, fatigas y vicisitudes. Muerto el Capitan, su hijo Don Alonso que regreso de Espana a encargarse de la familia e intereses de su padre, continue sineto el amigo inseparabe de Diego Ramon....."
El Capitan Diego Ramon contrajo matrimonio en el Presidio de San Francisco de Coahuila, con Dona Feliciana Camacho, de la que tuvo entre otros hijos a Don Jose que fue el mayor "
Notes for MARIA DE-LOS-RIOS:
Dona Maria was with her two daughters and an son name Jose, at Boca de Leones.
Source:San Juan Bautista - Gateway to Spanish Texas by Robert S. Weddle.
Child of DIEGO RAMON and UNKNOWN is:
iv. ALFEREZ JOSEPH5 RAMON-CAMACHO, b. Coahuila,Mexico; d. Boca de Leones, Nuevo Leon, Mexico; m. JUANA GARCIA-FLORES, 01 Jan 1695/96, Santiago Apostol, Monclova, Coahuila, Mexico; b. Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico.
Notes for ALFEREZ JOSEPH RAMON-CAMACHO:
Source:San Juan Bautista, Gateway to Spanish Texas, by Robert S. Weddle.
Marriage Notes for JOSEPH RAMON-CAMACHO and JUANA GARCIA-FLORES:
Marriage source:Index to the Marriage Investigations of the Diocese of Guadalajara by Raul J. Guerra, Jr., Nadine M. Vasquez, Baldomero Vela, Jr. Page 40.
LDS Film #0167980
v. JACINTA RAMON-CAMACHO, m. LT. GENERAL JUAN-JOSEPH DE VALDEZ, 27 Feb 1706/07, Santiago Apostol, Monclova, Coahuila, Mexico.
Notes for LT. GENERAL JUAN-JOSEPH DE VALDEZ:
Alcalde Mayor of the Presidio and villa of Bexar.
With Makers of San Antonio by Frederick C. Chabot. Page 46.
vi. CAPTAIN JOSE-DOMINGO RAMON-CAMACHO, b. Boca de Leones, Nuevo Leon, Mexico; d. 23 Dec 1723, La Bahia, Goliad County, Texas; m. LUISA MALDONADO-DE-ORANDAZ.
Notes for CAPTAIN JOSE-DOMINGO RAMON-CAMACHO:
Don Domingo Ramón was the son of Captain Diego Ramón,
the Commander of the Royal Presidio de San Juan Bautista del Rio Norte and the former Govenor of Coahuila, New Spain (Mexico) and Dona Feliciana Camacho y Botello.
In 1703, Captain Domingo Ramon lead a expedition to reoccupy Texas. With him were five priest from the College of Santa Cruz of Queretaro, New Spain, who would participated in the founding of missions in the San Antonio de Bexar area.
Following the appearance of the french Cavalier, Louis Juchereau de St. Denis at the Presidio de Rio Grande in July 1714 and his subsequent arrest as a foreign interloper and suspected illegal trader, the French cavalier was ordered to Mexico City. It was during this time that St. Denis would become engaged to Ramon's cousin, Dona Manuela Sanchez Navarro. While in the capital city of Mexico, Ramón received appointment on September 30, 1715, as commander of a military unit that was to reestablish Spanish presence in East Texas, thereby countering French
influence from Louisiana. At the same time, St. Denis, who had ably defended his actions, received appointment as commissary officer and served as a guide for the Ramón expedition, which totaled seventy-five persons. The entourage included twelve priests or friars, three Frenchmen, and several dozen civilians. Seven of the soldiers were married and brought along their families; their wives would be the first recorded Spanish women in Texas.
In April of 1716, he was the leader of the entrada into San Antonio and East Texas. The expedition, including equipment, supplies, and livestock, departed the Rio Grande on April 27, 1716. Guided by St. Denis, missionaries of the Franciscan colleges of Santa Cruz de Querétaro and Nuestra Seńora de Guadalupe de Zacatecas reached East Texas in late June. On July 3, 1716, he and his Spanish settlers reestablished the mission of San Francisco de los Neches, also known as Nuestro Padre San Francisco de los Tejas Mission to
commemorate the original San Francisco de los Tejas Mission (1690-93). Four days later he founded the mission of Nuestra Senora de la Purisima Concepcion. On July 9, 1716, he help in the founding of the mission, Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe de los Nacogdoches, and San José de los Nazonis. That same year he established and was the Commander of the presidio of Nuestra Senora de los Dolores de los Tejas on the Neches River. After returning from a trip to Mobile in late 1716, St. Denis assisted Ramón in the founding of two more missions in early 1717-Nuestra Seńora de los Dolores and San Miguel de Linares de los Adaes. Ramón remained in East Texas until 1719, when all the Spaniards there were withdrawn to San Antonio during the so-called "Chicken War."
The Chicken War caused abandonment of the Spanish Franciscan missions in eastern Texas in 1719. With news that Spain and France were on opposing sides in the conflict, Lt. Philippe Blondel at the French post of
Natchitoches, Louisiana, struck in June 1719 at the nearest Spanish target: San Miguel de Linares de los Adaes Mission, at a site near that of present Robeline, Louisiana. Finding only a lay brother and one soldier at the mission, Lt. Blondel and his detail of seven gathered up the sacred vestments and provisions, then raided the henhouse. As he mounted his horse after tying the chickens to the pommel of his saddle, the chickens flapped their wings, the horse reared, and the lieutenant was spilled in the dirt. His companions rushed to his aid. Taking advantage of the confusion, the lay brother dashed off into the woods.
After reaching Nuestra Seńora de los Dolores Mission (at the site of present-day San Augustine, Texas) on June 22, 1719, the brother informed Fray Antonio Margil de Jesús of what he had been told by Blondel: Pensacola, Florida and a Spanish possession, had been captured by the French, and a hundred soldiers were on their way from Mobile with
the East Texas settlements as their objective. Lacking confidence in the Spaniards' relationship with the Indians, Father Margil viewed retreat as the only alternative. He packed his vestments and headed for Nuestra Seńora de la Purísima Concepción Mission (in the area of present Nacogdoches County) to spread the alarm.
Captain Domingo Ramón, Commander of the Presidio de la Nuestra Seńora de los Dolores de los Tejas, heeding the clamor of his soldiers and their wives, ordered it's citizens and livestock to withdraw toward San Antonio to await reinforcements. Fray Margil, Isidro Félix de Espinosa, and two soldiers remained at the Mission Concepción for twenty days "consoling" the Indians, who were reluctant to let them leave. They received word on July 14 that Ramón was withdrawing farther than agreed upon, and they set out to overtake the caravan at the border of Hasinai (Tejas) country. There they encamped until the end of September, when Espinosa resolved to
go personally to San Antonio de Béxar and San Juan Bautista to seek help. After traveling twenty leagues he encountered a volunteer relief expedition from the Presidio of San Juan Bautista and learned that no military support would be forthcoming. On October 3 the entire camp marched for San Antonio. At San Antonio Fray Margil and the seven other friars took residence at San Antonio de Valero Mission. Espinosa went on to San Juan Bautista to make a personal appeal for military aid in recovering the missions. There he learned of the appointment of the Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo as governor of Coahuila and Texas and of the military campaign Aguayo was mounting to reclaim eastern Texas for Spain. Despite Espinosa's urging, the Aguayo expedition was delayed a year and a half. In the meantime the war ended, and the operation, planned as one of reconquest, became merely one of reoccupation.
The Chicken War represented a costly overreaction by Spanish religious
and military men to a feeble French gesture. The French made no aggressive move against Texas after Blondel's comical fiasco. Aside from causing a two-year hiatus in the Spanish missionary effort, the episode also disrupted the commercial aims of the French Company of the West. Directors of the company sent word to Jean Baptiste Benard de La Harpe, who had just established a trading post on the Red River in the area that is now Bowie County, that he was not to make war on the Spaniards but to pursue trade with them. The Spanish withdrawal following Blondel's raid left no one with whom he might trade.
By April 10, 1720, Ramon with forty men had laid the foundation for the Presidio Nuestra Senora de Loreto de la Bahia. He officiated also in the founding of Nuestra Senora del Espiritu Santo Mission, near the presidio at La Bahia, Goliad Texas.
He remained at San Antonio until March 10, 1721, when he set out with forty men to occupy Matagorda Bay.
Under orders of the Marqués de Aguayo, Ramón remained on the coast and was present in the spring of 1722, when Aguayo founded Nuestra Seńora de Loreto Presidio (La Bahía) at the site of the french La Salle's Fort St. Louis. This Fort is located near Goliad, Texas. The nearby mission of Espíritu Santo de Zúńiga was also begun in April. Ramón died on December 23, 1723, from a wound received during a Karankawa Indian uprising at La Bahía (Goliad, Texas).
Captain Domingo Ramón married Dona Luisa Maldonado de Orandai, and they had at least three children: Diego, Juan Domingo, and Miguel.
Source:From the book's, Spanish Texas, 1519-1821 by Donald E. Chipman
San Juan Bautista: Gateway to Spanish Texas by Robert S. Weddle
Spanish & Mexican Records of the American Southwest by Henry Putney Beers.
Gallant Outcast - Texas Turmoil 1519-1734 by Ben Cuellar Ximenez.
Diary of the Alarcon Expedition into Texas,
by Fray Francisco Celiz. Published by the Quivira Society.
The Spanish Borderlands Frontier 1513-1821, by John Francis Bannon.
The North Frontier of New Spain by Peter Gerhard.
The Presidio and Militia on the Northern Frontier of New Spain, Volume Two, by Diana Hadley, Thomas H. Nayloy, and Mardith K. Schuetz-Miller.
Remember Goliad, By Clarence Wharton.
The Handbook of Texas Online.
vii. ANDRES RAMON-CAMACHO, b. 1670, San Juan Bautista del Rio Grande, Coahulia, Mexico; m. (1) MARIA-LUISA GARCIA-FLORES; b. 1675; m. (2) MANUELA FLORES-DE-LA-FUENTE, 24 Sep 1704, Monclova, Nuevo Leon, Mexico; m. (3) JUANA MENCHACA-XIMENEZ, 19 Nov 1707, Santiago Apostol, Monclova, Coahulia, Mexico; b. 1670, Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico.
Marriage Notes for ANDRES RAMON-CAMACHO and MANUELA FLORES-DE-LA-FUENTE:
Marriage source:Index to the Marriage Investigations of the Diocese of Guadalajara by Raul J. Guerra, Jr., Nadine M. Vasquez, Baldomero Vela, Jr. Page 279.
Marriage Notes for ANDRES RAMON-CAMACHO and JUANA MENCHACA-XIMENEZ:
Source:Index to the Marriage Investigations of the Diocese of Guadalajara by Raul J. Guerra, Jr., Nadine M. Vasquez, Valdomero Vela, Jr. Page 202.
viii. ALFEREZ DIEGO RAMON-CAMACHO, b. 1677; d. San Juan Bautista del Rio Grande ,Presido del Norte, Coahulia,Mexico; m. MARIE ESPERRICCO SANCHEZ-DE-NAVARRE.
ix. DONA ANTONIA RAMON-CAMACHO, b. Abt. 1680, San Juan Bautista del Rio Grande, Presido del Norte, Coahulia,Mexico; d. Bef. 1704; m. CAPTAIN JOSEPH DE URRUTIA7, 06 Jan 1696/97, Santiago Apostol, Monclova, Coahuila, Mexico; b. Abt. 1678, Guipuzcoa prov., Spain7; d. 16 Jul 1741, San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas7.
Notes for DONA ANTONIA RAMON-CAMACHO:
Her father, Major Diego Ramon, was the Commander of the Presidio de San Juan Bautista del Rio, at Coahulia, Mexico. It was during this
period that the Major's step grand-daughter, Dona Maria Manuela Sanchez Navarro y Gomez Mascorry married the french Cavalier, Louis Juchereau de Saint Denis, military commander of Natchitoches, Louisiana.
Between March 1691 to June 1698, Major Diego Ramon served as the governor of Coahuila, Mexico.
Note:I have included this genealogy in the chapter titled, The Descendents of Major Diego Ramon and
Dona Feliciana Camacho y Botello.
Notes for CAPTAIN JOSEPH DE URRUTIA:
Power of Attorney by Soldiers at the Presidio de San Antonio de Bexar
Dated 25 September 1735
This document authorized their commanding officer, Captain Joseph de Urrutia , or Dőn Juan de Angulo, a merchant in Mexico City, to collect their annual salaries and apply 12,000 pesos of this on Urrutia's taxes. Urrutia was then to reimburse the soldiers with merchandise in San Antonio. Excellent census of the military in Bexar at time.
Power of Attorney
In the royal presidio of San Antonio de Bexar, jurisdiction of these provinces of Texas, kingdom of the New Philippines, on the 25th day of the month of September , 1735, before me, Dőn Manuel de Sandoval, captain of Spanish infantry, governor and captain general of these said provinces of Texas, their presidios, conversions, and frontiers, commandant of the governors of Coahuila and Pensacola and of the witnesses with whom I am acting as a Juez Receptor in the absence of a royal notary or notary public, since the notary of this jurisdiction is in prison and there is no other as prescribed by
law, there appeared, in person, Lieutenant Dőn Matheo Perez; Ensign Dőn Juan Galvan; Sergeant Ascencio del Razo; and Privates Juan Cortinas; Joseph Miguel de Sosa; Marcelino Martinez; Andres Hernandez; Manuel de Carvajal; Nicolas de Caravajal; Xivier Perez; Joseph Antonio Flores; Marcos Rodriguez; Joseph Maldonado; Juan Antonio de Luna; Antonio Guerra; Bacilio del Toro; Joseph Quinones; Nicolas Quinones; Sebastian Rincon; Pedro del Toro; Joseph Montes; Jacobo Hernandez; Diego Hernandez; Dőn Pedro de Ocon y Trillo; Francisco Flores; Lorenzo de Castro; Miguel de Castro; Matin Flores; Bacilio Jimenez; Mathias de la Zerda; Joseph Martinez; Joaquin de Urrutia; Pedro de Urrutia; Andres Garcia; Joseph de Sosa; Geronimo de la Garza; Joaquin Flores; Miguel Guerra; Francisco de la Pena; and Jose Cisneros, all officers and enlisted men of this royal presidio, all of whom I certify I know, and they said that they unanimously, by common consent, together and individually, as a group,
do hereby grant by these present such power as may be necessary and required by law, to their captain, Dőn Joseph de Urrutia, in the first place, and, in the second place, to Dőn Juan de Angulo, a resident and ware-house keeper in Mexico City, as paymaster for the said officers and men so that in their name and representing their persons, rights, and acts, they may, during the present year of 1735, appear, and they shall appear, each one for himself and for all the others, before the Most Illustrious and the Most Excellent Archbishop and Viceroy of this New Spain and for the necessary warrants for collecting their salaries of 380 pesos which His Majesty has assigned to each of the forty signers, plus 65 pesos for the Lieutenant, Ensign, and Sergeant, all of which amounts to 15,265 pesos, and 240 pounds of power, representing the six pounds which his Majesty likewise gives to each of the said signers every year, all of which is to be issued by Royal Treasury in Mexico City,
where the official royal judges, in view of the said warrant from the Most Illustrious and Most Excellent Archbishop and Viceroy, will deliver, in cash to satisfy the aforementioned signers, and in their name, to the aforementioned paymasters and agents, Dőn Joseph de Urrutia and Dőn Juan de Angulo to whoever may represent them. The said sum and the quantity of powder, and they now and forevermore will consider themselves satisfied with such amounts as the said agents may receive. Furthermore, they state that they may issue such receipts and quittances as may be necessary to collect the same, plus affidavits that they have received same or the renunciation of laws connected therewith. They shall present before his Excellency the necessary memorials and other documents as may be necessary for that purpose. They hereby grant and give unto the said Dőn Joseph de Urrutia and Dőn Juan de Angulo the present power-of-attorney with full authority and power to appoint one, two,
three, or more substitutes, and the latter may appoint as many more as may be necessary, without any restriction whatever, for they de hereby authorize and empower each and every one of them to institute legal proceeding and swear to oaths whenever necessary, on the condition that the said agents shall pay and deliver the amount or value of the salaries to which the undersigned are or shall be entitled from the Royal Treasure, to Dőn Joseph de los Rios, royal tax collector, the amount of 12,000 pesos, which, by order of the present governor of this province of Texas, is to be charged against the Royal Treasury and delivered to them in merchandise through their said captain and agents, Dőn Joseph de Urrutia in exchange for equal amount, as principal and cost, which the aforesaid captain owes as royal taxes to His Majesty, which said sum the undersigned acknowledge as having received. In view of the above, and since the aforesaid sum of 12,000 pesos is due the Royal Treasury
before any sum or sums which the said undersigned or afore-mentioned agents may owe. In case the afore-said sum should not be paid by their agents Dőn Joseph de Urrutia and Dőn Juan de Agulo, the undersigned do hereby annul and cancel the power which they give and confer upon their said agents, and they transfer and change the same with full authority, as stated herein, to Dőn Joseph Luis de los Rios, or to such agent as may be appointed by him as his lawful representative so that he, as royal collector, may deliver and pay to the Royal Treasury the sum of the salaries due the said undersigned for the present year, in the amount of twelve thousand pesos, receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged. Whatever is left, up to the total amount due the said soldiers for their said salaries, shall be placed at the disposal of the undersigned. For the execution of the above they have bound their persons and present and future assets, and they hereby authorize the justices and judges of
His Majesty to whom there presents shall come to make them observe and fulfill same to the full force and extent of the law as though it were a sentence pronounced, passed, and agreed to in a case which had been tried in court by a competent judge. They ask and begged me to interpose my royal and judicial authority, and I, the said governor, in the name of His Majesty, do hereby interpose same insofar as I can and should according to law. Done before me and the attendant witnesses with whom I am acting according to law as stated above, and those who knew how to write their names signed same with me, and for those who could not write their one of the following witnesses signed for them,: Dőn Fermin de Ibiricu, Dőn Ignacio Gonzalez de Inclán, and Alberto Lopez, who were present and all of whom reside in this said presidio. This has been placed on common paper because there is no stamped paper as provided by law. I certify.
(The signatures of the following appear:
Dőn Manuel de Sandoval, the governor; his official witness, Joseph Antonio Bueno de Roxas and Domingo de Oyez; Mateo Perez; Juan Galvan; Juan Cortinas; Marcelino Martinez; Martin Flores y Valdez; Basilio Jimenez; Joaquin de Urrutia; Miguel Guerra; Pedro del Toro; and Pedro de Ocon y Trillo. Fermin de Ibiricu and Ignacio Gonzalez de Inclán signed for the others who did not know how to write).
From the Bexar Archive Translations, Vol. 7, pp 123-133. Bexar County Courthouse Archives. (Translations also in UT Baker Library at Austin, Texas).
Marriage Notes for ANTONIA RAMON-CAMACHO and JOSEPH
Marriage source: Church record from the LDS microfilm #222,421
x. PEDRO RAMON-CAMACHO, b. 27 Jul 1685, Sagrario Metropolitano, Saltillo, Coahulia, Mexico; m. (1) ANTONIA GARCIA; m. (2) MARIA-DE-LORETO FLORES, 12 Aug 1726, Sagrario Metro, Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico.